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5th World Kidney Congress, will be organized around the theme “Investigating the Current Novelty & Core Approaches in Kidney Disorders and Nephrology”

Kidney Meet 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Kidney Meet 2020

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Nephrology is the kind of medicine and pediatric medicine which concerns itself with the kidneys: the study of normal kidney function and kidney disease, the preservation of kidney health, and the treatment of renal disorder, from diet and medicine to nephritic replacement medical aid. Nephrology conjointly studies general conditions that have an effect on the kidneys, like polygenic disease and reaction disease; and general diseases that occur as a result of renal disorder, like nephritic osteodystrophy and hypertension. The kidneys serve important functions, including filtration and excretion of metabolic waste products (urea and ammonium); regulation of necessary electrolytes, fluid, acid-base balance and stimulation of red blood cell production. They conjointly serve to manage pressure via the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, dominant organic process of water and maintaining intravascular volume. The kidneys conjointly absorb aldohexose and amino acids and have secretion functions via glycoprotein, calcitriol and cholecarciferol activation.

  • Track 1-1Nephrology & renal studies
  • Track 1-2Renal histopathology
  • Track 1-3Advances in nephrology
  • Track 1-4Artificial kidney
  • Track 1-5Pelvic kidney

Kidney diseases also called nephropathy or renal infection cause harm to kidney. Nephritis is inflammatory kidney infection whereas nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney diseases. Kidney diseases sometimes have an effect on renal failure and urinary organ harm. Acute kidney injury, once referred to as acute renal failure could be a syndrome that is characterized by the speedy loss of the kidney's excretory function and is often diagnosed by the accumulation of end products of nitrogen metabolism (Urea and creatinine) or decreased urine output, or both. Chronic kidney disease also called as chronic kidney failure which describes the gradual loss of kidney function. It includes complications like high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. Kidney disease can also increase the risk of heart and blood vessel disease.

  • Track 2-1Nephrosis
  • Track 2-2Acute renal failure
  • Track 2-3Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 2-4Polycystic kidney disease
  • Track 2-5Acquired cystic kidney disease
  • Track 2-6Reflux nephropathy
  • Track 2-7Azotemia
  • Track 2-8Uremia
  • Track 2-9Uremic encephalopathy

The study of pediatric nephrology determines diagnosis and management of infants with a chronic and acute kidney disorders. The division of pediatric nephrology assesses and treats hypertension, hematuria, proteinuria, renal tubular acidosis, nephrolithiasis, glomerulonephritis and kidney damage in children. It additionally includes complete care to medical specialty patients with finish stage excretory organ syndromes, together with thought to patients experiencing serosa qualitative analysis, hemodialysis and excretory organ transplantation in infants. The division of medical specialty medical specialty evaluates and treats high blood pressure, hematuria, proteinuria, renal rounded acidosis, nephrolithiasis, glomerulonephritis and kidney harm in kids. It likewise incorporates total thought to medical specialty patients with finish organize excretory organ disorders, together with thought to patients encountering serosa qualitative analysis, hemodialysis and excretory organ transplantation in newborn youngsters.

  • Track 3-1Pediatric renal failure
  • Track 3-2Pediatric kidney dialysis
  • Track 3-3Pediatric chronic hemodialysis
  • Track 3-4Pediatric renal transplantation
  • Track 3-5Advances in pediatric kidney operation

Geriatric Nephrology is the branch of medication or general medicine and geriatric medicine deals with diseases of the excretory organ. Patients who are living longer may acquire diseases that accelerate chronic kidney disease, which often remains undetected until patients are confronted with the sudden need for dialysis. Geriatric Nephrology aims to study of assess the clinical efficacy of total and regional bone densitometry in a large Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) populace and to determine the clinical, biological and radiographic variables that best acknowledged osteopenia CAPD patients. Patients who are living longer may acquire contaminations that stimulate ceaseless kidney sicknesses, which routinely stay undetected until the point that patients are resisted with the sudden prerequisite for dialysis. Renal cystic disease incorporates a broad assortment of ailment components.

  • Track 4-1Interstitial nephritis
  • Track 4-2Clinical renal densitometry
  • Track 4-3Biomarkers in nephrology
  • Track 4-4Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis

Clinical nephrology involves medical treatment of urinary organ diseases and conditions. This may entail working with other areas of the body that also are influenced by the kidneys. Kidney issues will cause solution imbalances within the blood, leading to serious symptoms as well as excess fluid within the tissues, mental confusion or irregular heartbeat. Clinical medicine can also facilitate patients United Nations agency have high force per unit area, as a result of high blood pressure are often damaging to the kidneys. Patients are referred to clinical nephrology doctors after a urinalysis, for different reasons, such as acute kidney failure, hematuria, proteinuria, chronic kidney diseases, kidney stones, hypertension, and disarranges of acid/base or electrolytes.

  • Track 5-1Critical care nephrology
  • Track 5-2Stem cell and regenerative nephrology
  • Track 5-3Oncologic nephrology
  • Track 5-4Obstructive nephropathy

Hereditary kidney disorders represent significant risk for the development of end stage renal disease (ESRD). Most of them are recognized in childhood, or prenatal particularly those phenotypically expressed as anomalies on ultrasound examination (US) during pregnancy. Some kidney diseases result from genetic factors. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), for example, is a genetic disorder in which many cysts grow in the kidneys. PKD cysts will slowly switch a lot of the mass of the kidneys, decreasing urinary organ perform and resulting in failure. Some urinary organ complications might show up even before birth. Examples contain autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD) a rare form of PKD, and other developing problems that interfere with the normal formation of the nephrons. The signs of kidney disease in children vary.

  • Track 6-1Polycystic kidney disease
  • Track 6-2Medullary sponge kidney
  • Track 6-3Bartter syndrome
  • Track 6-4Alport syndrome
  • Track 6-5Horseshoe kidney
  • Track 6-6Nephronophthisis
  • Track 6-7Tuberous sclerosis

Dialysis performs the function of the kidneys if they’ve failed. It is a treatment that filters and purifies the blood using a machine. This helps keep the fluids and electrolytes in balance when the kidneys can’t do their job. Dialysis, the additional common variety of kidney-replacement medical aid, could be a manner of improvement the blood with a synthetic excretory organ. There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis: It is a system of purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not running commonly and is the choice of renal replacement remedy for patient who need dialysis acutely and for many patients as preservation therapy. There are three styles of hemodialysis: Conventional hemodialysis, each day hemodialysis, and Nocturnal hemodialysis.

Peritoneal Dialysis: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a remedy that uses the liner of your stomach (stomach area), called your peritoneum, and a cleaning answer referred to as dialysate to smooth your blood. The two maximum not unusual styles of PD are Non-stop ambulatory PD (CAPD) and Non-stop cycler-assisted PD (CCPD).

  • Track 7-1Hemodialysis
  • Track 7-2Peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-3Peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-4Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-5Intermittent peritoneal dialysis

Urology also referred to as genitourinary surgical procedure, is a branch of medication that focuses on surgical and medical sicknesses of the urinary tract system and an infection in any part of the urinary device, is referred to as a urinary tract infection. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in part of the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder or the urethra. Most infections are in the bladder or the urethra, the parts of the urinary tract that are closest to the outside of the body. An infection can occur in either the upper or lower urinary tract. Further common in adults than children, urinary tract infections are second only to respiratory infections as the most common type of infection.

  • Track 8-1Cystitis
  • Track 8-2Pyelonephritis
  • Track 8-3Urethritis
  • Track 8-4Cancers of the kidney and genitourinary tract
  • Track 8-5Stress urinary incontinence
  • Track 8-6Urothelial tumours

Onco-Nephrology is a subspecialty of Nephrology which treats kidney diseases. Randomized controlled preliminaries in a very subspecialty like onconephrology should be conceivable once there's a joint effort among nephrologists and malignancy doctors from malignant growth bases on the globe that connect and share explore thoughts at worldwide gatherings. Nephritis is irritation of the urinary organ the foremost vital predominant to intense nephritis is glomerulonephritis. Pyelonephritis effects in grown-ups quite kids and it's perceived as irritation of the urinary organ and higher tract. The third sort of nephritis is genetic nephritis, an uncommon acquired condition.

  • Track 9-1Paraneoplastic glomerulonephritis
  • Track 9-2Amyloidosis
  • Track 9-3Renal cell carcinoma and types
  • Track 9-4Urinalysis
  • Track 9-5Prostate cancer
  • Track 9-6Tuberous sclerosis

High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys. When the blood vessels get damaged, they don’t work properly so that many people with diabetes develop high blood pressure, which can damage kidneys. Diabetic kidney disease is defined as macro albuminuria (albumin to creatinine ratio [ACR] >35 mg/mmol [400 mg/g]), or micro albuminuria (ACR 3.5-35.0 mg/mmol [35-400 mg/g]) associated with retinopathy (type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes) and/or >11 years' duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). In most patients with diabetes, chronic kidney disease can be attributable to diabetes mellitus if these criteria are met. Other causes of diabetic kidney diseases should be considered in the presence of any of the following circumstances: rapidly decreasing GFR, absence of diabetic retinopathy, presence of active urinary sediment, or signs or symptoms of other systemic disease. The diagnosis is most of the time conclusively made by kidney biopsy, though it is rarely necessary.

  • Track 10-1Non-diabetic kidney disease
  • Track 10-2Renal tract obstruction
  • Track 10-3Multiple myeloma
  • Track 10-4Use of drug therapies for glycaemic control
  • Track 10-5Diabetes inspidus

Kidney or bladder stones area unit solid build-ups of crystals made of minerals and proteins found in excretory product. Bladder diverticulum, enlarged prostate, bladder disorder and tract infection will cause an individual to have a greater chance of developing bladder stones. But if a stone irritates the bladder wall or blocks the flow of urine, signs and symptoms may include such as Lower abdominal pain during urination, frequent urination. Difficulty urinating or interrupted urine flow, blood in the urine, cloudy or abnormally dark-coloured urine. Bladder stones begin to grow once excretory product is left within the bladder after urinating. This is usually because of an underlying medical condition that stops the bladder from completely emptying when using the toilet.

  • Track 11-1Abdominal and pelvic CT
  • Track 11-2Intravenous pyelogram
  • Track 11-3Xanthine stones
  • Track 11-4Calcium phosphate stones
  • Track 11-5Nephrostomy
  • Track 11-6Calcium stones
  • Track 11-7Uric acid stones
  • Track 11-8Cystine stones
  • Track 11-9Struvite stones

Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney, performed to treat variety of urinary organ diseases together with kidney cancer. It is conjointly done to remove a healthy urinary organ from a living or deceased donor, once a part of a urinary organ transplant procedure. The phases of kidney disease are controlled by the glomerular filtration rate and by this process the kidneys filter the blood, removing excess wastes and fluids. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) may be a calculation that determines however well the blood is filtered by the kidneys. They are Acute kidney disease is the sudden loss of kidney function that happens when high levels of waste products of the body's metabolism accumulate in the blood. Chronic nephropathy may be a steady advancement of lasting urinary organ ill that exacerbates over varied years. Pediatric nephropathy will influence kids in numerous ways that, going from treatable disorders without long term outcomes to life-threatening conditions. Polycystic Kidney Disease is characterized by the development of numerous kidney cysts, which cause variations in both the kidney structure and function.

  • Track 12-1Partial nephrectomy
  • Track 12-2Radical nephrectomy
  • Track 12-3Laparoscopic Surgery
  • Track 12-4Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
  • Track 12-5Regional lymphadenectomy
  • Track 12-6Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  • Track 12-7Renal hypertension

Kidney bio-markers include serum creatinine (sCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urinary albumin/protein and volume excretion. However, sCr or BUN cannot distinguish injury from hemodynamic changes in the kidney that lead to appropriate changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), particularly when the changes are acute. At present, serum creatinine, which is used to calculate the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), is the most commonly used marker of renal function. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) remains the perfect marker of excretory organ operates. Other bio markers like proteinuria might precede excretory organ operate decline and have incontestable to possess robust associations with illness progression and outcomes.

  • Track 13-1Urinary angiotensinogen
  • Track 13-2Urinary microRNA
  • Track 13-3Serum creatinine
  • Track 13-4Blood urea nitrogen
  • Track 13-5Cystatin C
  • Track 13-6Asymmetric dimethylarginine
  • Track 13-7β-trace protein

Heart failure, affects the kidney through the backward and the forward failure effects. Systemic Venous congestion results in an increase in the capillary pressure, transudation into interstitial spaces with decrease in effective circulating volume. In addition, underlying conditions that cause renal disease, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, put people at risk for cardiovascular disease. Patients with chronic kidney disease are at considerably increased risk for cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac death. One mechanism underlying increased cardiovascular risk in patients with renal failure includes over activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Multiple human and animal studies have shown that central sympathetic outflow is inveterately elevated in patients with each end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD).

  • Track 14-1Anemia
  • Track 14-2Diabetes
  • Track 14-3High blood pressure
  • Track 14-4High homocysteine levels
  • Track 14-5Calcium-phosphate levels

Bone marrow stem cells, including hematopoietic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells can also participate in the repair process by proliferation. The reno protective potential of pluripotent and adult stem cell therapy of acute and chronic kidney injury are based on stem cell-induced kidney regeneration. Specifically, cell engraftment, incorporation into renal structures, or paracrine activities of embryonic or induced pluripotent stem cells as well as mesenchymal stem cells and renal precursors are analysed. Various sorts of stem cells will restore nephritic operate in diagnosing models of acute and chronic excretory organ injury. Researchers are examining how stem cells may help kidneys to repair harmed nephrons and re-establish kidney function. Scientists are contemplating how the kidney can recover itself and what sorts of kidney cells are associated with this procedure.

  • Track 15-1Embryonic
  • Track 15-2Induced pluripotent stem cell
  • Track 15-3Adult stem cell therapy
  • Track 15-4Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Track 15-5Cell engraftment

Renal nutrition is concerned with the special nutritional needs of kidney patients. Renal nutrition is concerned with ensuring that kidney patients eat the proper foods to form chemical analysis economical and improve health. Renal Nutrition may be outlined as a diet recommended in chronic renal failure and that is meant to manage the consumption of macromolecule, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, and fluids. Because the kidneys of individuals on dialysis are incapable to cope with excess fluid and different metabolic wastes.

Metabolism is the chemical reactions involved in retaining the dwelling nation of the cells and the organism. Metabolism can be quite simply divided into classes:

Catabolism - the breakdown of molecules to get energy

Anabolism - the synthesis of all compounds required through the cells.

  • Track 16-1Blood urea nitrogen
  • Track 16-2Protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance (PNA)
  • Track 16-3Renal osteodystrophy
  • Track 16-4Nutritional therapy
  • Track 16-5Anemia and erythropoietin
  • Track 16-6Hypelipidemia

Glomerular disorders occur by itself or could also be related to an underlying medical condition that affects alternative organ systems, like lupus, diabetes, or sure infections. Glomerular sickness will develop suddenly (called Acute), or develop slowly over an amount of years (called Chronic). Treatment of glomerular disorder depends upon its cause and sort. Many diseases affect kidney function by attacking the glomeruli, the small units inside the excretory organ wherever blood is clean. Glomerular diseases damage the glomeruli, permitting macromolecule and typically red blood cells drip into the urine.

 

  • Track 17-1Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 17-2Glomerulosclerosis
  • Track 17-3Bacterial endocarditis
  • Track 17-4Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Track 17-5Membranous nephropathy

Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is the therapy that replaces normal blood-filtering function of the kidneys. It is used once the kidneys don't seem to be operating well that is termed renal failure and includes acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. Renal replacement medical aid includes dialysis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis), hemofiltration, and hemodiafiltration, that measure numerous ways of filtration of blood with or while not machines. Renal replacement medical aid conjointly includes kidney transplantation, that is that the final variety of replacement in this the previous kidney is replaced by a donor kidney.

 

  • Track 18-1Peritoneal dialysis (PD)
  • Track 18-2Intermittent hemodialysis (IHD)
  • Track 18-3Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT)
  • Track 18-4Continuous hemofiltration (CHF)
  • Track 18-5Continuous hemodialysis (CHD)
  • Track 18-6Continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF)
  • Track 18-7Intermittent renal replacement therapy (IRRT)
  • Track 18-8Intermittent hemodiafiltration (IHDF)

A kidney transplant is a surgical method that’s done to treat Kidney Failure. This surgery is a lifesaving choice for thousands of patients with end stage renal disease. Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is that the surgical operation of a kidney into a patient with end-arrange kidney diseases. Kidney transplantation is often named deceased donor called living donor or cadaveric transplantation relying upon the wellspring of the giver organ. Living donor kidney transplants are formerly differentiated as non-related living transplants or, living related transplants contingent upon whether a biological relationship exists between the kidney donor and kidney recipient.

 

  • Track 19-1Renal transplantation in obese patients
  • Track 19-2Kidney Biopsy
  • Track 19-3Proteinuria
  • Track 19-4Kidney transplantation recipients
  • Track 19-5Living donors of kidney
  • Track 19-6Post-transplant lympho-proliferative disorder
  • Track 19-7Transplantation rejection
  • Track 19-8Artificial Kidney

Diagnostic imaging may be a strategy and procedure of constructing the visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and demonstrative intervention. The treatment for renal disorder differs depending on what phase the renal disorder is and alternative individual factors. For those whose kidneys no longer function well enough on their own without renal therapy, specialist will typically recommend either renal dialysis or a kidney transplant. Nephrological treatment consists of steroid medications, blood products, plasma exchange and dialysis. Kidney complications will have important impact on quality and length of life, and then psychological support, health education and advanced care coming up with play key roles in nephrology.

 

  • Track 20-1Diagnostic imaging
  • Track 20-2Chronic peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 20-3Percutaneous cannula placement
  • Track 20-4Renal scintigraphy
  • Track 20-5Dialysis
  • Track 20-6Transplantation
  • Track 20-7Medical ultrasonography
  • Track 20-8Computed axial tomography
  • Track 20-9Renal arteriography